The Influence of Façade Finish Materials on Architectural Identity - Sulaymaniyah City as a Case Study


  • Abdullah Yousif Tayib Department of Architectural Engineering, University of Sulaimani - Sulaymaniyah, Iraq
  • Haidar Mohammed Amin Sabir Department of Architectural Engineering, University of Sulaimani - Sulaymaniyah, Iraq



façade materials, architectural identity, material classes


Architects have the ability to make material selection decisions, on what basis these decisions are made and what is their effect on architectural identity is the topic of this research. Can we provide architects with framework of material knowledge that helps them to evaluate and compare materials? The research aims to find façade materials selection decisions effect architectural identity, through the study of material class selection decisions and the current state of architectural identity in Sulaymaniyah City. The research problem is the overlooked potential of materials, that can enhance the expression of architectural identity.


The research methodology is graphic analysis and checklist form for selected cases, a total of 21 cases, and collection of 129 architects' opinions through a questionnaire based on indicators from the theoretical framework, then finally a statistical analysis for the two methodologies using SPSS. The findings of the study indicate that Sulaymaniyah either lacks a distinct architectural identity or that it is significantly distorted. Moreover, certain material classes can enhance architectural identity, like brick and natural materials in the case of Sulaymaniyah city, on the other hand certain material can distort architectural identity, like glass in the case of Sulaymaniyah city. Overall, it can be said that façade finish material classes selection decisions play a significant role in shaping architecture identity.


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How to Cite

Yousif Tayib , A. ., & Mohammed Amin Sabir, H. (2024). The Influence of Façade Finish Materials on Architectural Identity - Sulaymaniyah City as a Case Study. The Scientific Journal of Cihan University– Sulaimaniya, 8(1), 94-117.