Land cover change and its causes in Goizha Mountain


  • Avan Ali Muhamad Department of City Planning, Technical College of Engineering, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani. Iraq.
  • Hoshyar Qadir Rasul Department of City Planning, Technical College of Engineering, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani. Iraq.



Land use and land cover change (LULCC), Built-up area, Human encroachment, Goizha Mountain


Iraq has recently been dealing with a variety of environmental problems, such as the destruction of the natural habitat, erosion and soil deterioration, and the threat of desertification; the key factor in these changes is the alteration of natural features throughout the development of urbanization with the globalization process. This study aims to investigate and comprehend the changes in land use and land cover change (LULCC) on Goizha Mountain, located in the northern part of Sulaimani city. The primary objective is to identify the reasons for these changes, the individuals responsible, In addition to their impact on the citie's identity. Also, significant environmental repercussions that might develop later. This study used a combination of quantitative and qualitative research methods to achieve its objectives. Data collected through a spatial-temporal study from 2017 to 2021 and a questionnaire survey to gather citizens' opinions on the causes and those responsible for LULCCC on Goizha Mountain. The goal was to gather comprehensive and accurate information about the changes and identify the underlying factors. The results of the study show built-up areas significantly increases in the study area on recent years at the expense of natural vegetation, and the identity of Goizha Mountain during the years 2017 to 2021. The study's findings confirm that human encroaching causes have a greater impact on natural change in the study area than natural disaster causes. In order to develop the necessary policies and laws, the results of the research have an important impact on reducing and eliminating this phenomenon and protecting the natural remains of Goizha Mountain that still exist.


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How to Cite

Ali Muhamad, A. ., & Qadir Rasul, H. . (2024). Land cover change and its causes in Goizha Mountain. The Scientific Journal of Cihan University– Sulaimaniya, 8(1), 24-45.

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